Creating Show-Stopping Eyes in Photoshop
Adapted from Photoshop CS5: The Missing Manual (O'Reilly)
In what follows you’ll learn how to enhance and whiten eyes, fix red eye a bazillion different ways, and even get the scoop on fixing your furry friends’ eyes.Enhancing Eyes
A quick and painless way to make eyes stand out and look sultry is to lighten them by changing their blend mode to Screen. This technique enhances the iris and brightens the white bits at the same time, as the figure below shows. To achieve this effect without duplicating the original layer (which increases your file’s size), just use an empty Adjustment layer.
Here’s how to quickly enhance eyes:
Ta-da! This technique makes a galactic difference, and your subject’s eyes will pop off the page.Fixing Red Eye
One of the most annoying things about taking photos with a flash is the creepy red eyes it can give your subjects. Photoshop’s Red Eye tool does a good job on most cases of red eye, though sometimes you’ll encounter a really stubborn case that just refuses to go away. That’s why it’s good to have a few tricks up your sleeve, including stealing pupils from another channel, using the Color Replacement tool, creating a Hue/Saturation Adjustment layer, or fixing ’em in Camera Raw. This section explains all those options.
The Red Eye Tool
Tip: If this tool doesn’t zap the red-eye completely on the first attempt, try pressing Command-Z (Ctrl+Z on a PC) to undo it and increase the Pupil Size and Darken Amount settings in the Options bar and then have another go at it.
The Color Replacement Tool
Hue/Saturation Adjustment Layers
The Sponge Tool
Fixing Red Eye in Camera Raw
Fixing Animal White Eye
Okay, technically animals aren’t people—though to some folks (your author included) they might as well be. Our furry friends have a version of red eye, too; it’s called white eye, and it can ruin their photos, too. Actually, white eye is more challenging to fix than red eye because there aren’t any pixels in the eye left to work with—the pupils turn solid white. The Red Eye tool won’t work because the pupils aren’t red, and the Color Replacement tool won’t work because there’s no color to replace. The solution is to select the pupil and fill it with black, and then add a couple of well-placed glints (tiny light reflections) to make the new pupils look real (see below).
Here’s how to fix your furry friend’s eyes:
Pat yourself on the back for salvaging such a great shot of your pet.
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Excerpted from Photoshop CS5: The Missing Manual by Lesa Snider. ISBN 1-4493-8170-7. Copyright © 2011. All rights reserved. Used with permission.